Peranan Gen HOXA10 terhadap Infertilitas Terkait Endometriosis

Salinah Salinah, Ria Kodariah, Puspita Eka Wuyung

Abstract


Endometriosis merupakan penyakit yang bersifat progresif, kronik, rekuren dan hingga saat ini etiologi pastinya belum diketahui. Gejala yang ditimbulkan endometriosis bervariasi mulai dari asimptomatik, nyeri pelvis hingga infertilitas. Beberapa studi terakhir di bidang biologi molekular menunjukkan adanya kemungkinan endometriosis sebagai penyakit epigenetik dan salah satu gen yang diketahui mengalami perubahan epigenetik adalah gen HOXA10. Gen HOXA10 berperan mengatur reseptivitas endometrium selama proses implantasi. Keberhasilan proses implantasi merupakan salah satu faktor yang berperan pada fertilitas wanita dan Gen HOXA10 memiliki peranan penting dalam proses implantasi tersebut. Metilasi gen HOXA10 mengalami peningkatan yang signifikan pada endometrium eutopik wanita yang mengalami endometriosis. Pada endometrium wanita yang mengalami endometriosis terdapat penurunan ekspresi HOXA10 yang signifikan dan hal tersebut mengindikasikan adanya gangguan pada reseptivitas uterus yang dapat berperan dalam menurunnya tingkat kesuburan.

 

 


Keywords


HOXA10, Gen, Infertilitas, Endometriosis

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.32539/JKK.V7I1.8294

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