Students’ Strategies of Measuring Time Using Traditional Gasing Game in Third Grade of Primary School

Anton Jaelani, Ratu Ilma, Yusuf Hartono


Understanding of measuring time has difficulty for children because it is intangible.  Standar units  often  use directly by teacher for learning time measurement. Many researches involved game in designing learning material to facilitate fun and meaningful learning for children. For this reason,  learning of time measurement that connect  with children’s daily experience was designed. The context of this research was traditional gasing game. The  study  is  situated  in  implementation of  Indonesian  version  of Realistic  Mathematics  Education,  labeled  as  PMRI.  This research aimed acquire  learning trajectory of time measurement using traditional gasing game for the third grader of primary school  by describing students’  progress in learning.  Design research methodology comprising preparing for the experiment, teaching experiment, and retrospective analysis was used. The research was conducted in SD (Sekolah Dasar) Pusri (Pupuk Sriwijaya) Palembang as one of PMRI (Pendidikan Matematika Realistik Indonesia) school. The result of the teaching experiment showed that learning design could foster students to experience reinvention of time measurement historically.  It stimulated students to emerge their sense of time, measure time using non standar unit, understand the concept of standard unit, and measure time using standar unit. Students’ strategies that were emerged showed students’ progress through  situation and problems that were provided by traditional gasing game.

Keyword: time measurement, gasing, design research, PMRI



Full Text:



Akker, Jan van den, Koeno Gravemeijer, Susan McKenney, Nienke Nieven. (2006). Introducing Educational Design Research. In Akker, Jan van den, Koeno Gravemeijer, Susan McKenney, Nienke Nieven (Editor). Educational Design Research (Page 3 – 7). London: Routledge.

Brumbaugh, Douglas K, Peggy L. Moch, and MaryE Wilkinson. (2005). Mathematics Content for Elementary Teachers. London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Buys, Kees & Bakhove, Joop. (2005). Measurement In Grades 1 And 2. In Marja van den Heuvel-Pahnuizen & Kees Buys (editors). Young Children Learn Measurement And Geometry (halaman 67 – 113). Utrecht: Freudenthal Institute (FI) Utrecht University, Belanda.

Dacey, L., dkk. (2005). Navigating Through Measurement in Prekindergarten to Grade 2. Virginia: NCTM.

Delta Pamungkas. (2004). Ensiklopedi Nasional Indonesia. Jakarta: Delta Pamungkas.

Freudenthal, Hans. (1991). Revisiting Mathematics Education. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publisher.

Glennie, Paul & Thrift, Nigel. (2009). Shaping The Day: A History of Timekeeping in England and Wales 1300-1800. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Gravemeijer, Koeno. (1994). Developing Realistic Mathematics Education. Utrecht: Freudenthal Institute.

Gravemeijer, Koeno & Cobb, Paul. (2006). Design Research From A Learning Design Perspective. In Akker, Jan van den, Koeno Gravemeijer, Susan McKenney, Nienke Nieven (Editor). Educational Design Research (Page 17 – 51). London: Routledge.

Hadi, Sutarto. (2005). Pendidikan Matematika Realistik. Banjarmasin: Tulip.

Heuvel-Panhuizen, Marja van. (1996). Assessment And Realistic Mathematics Education. Utrecht: Freudenthal Institute.

Holford, Leofranc & Strevens. (2005). The History of Time: A Very Short

Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Norvell, Barbie. (2007). Have We Been To Launch Yet? Helping Young Children Conceptualize Time. Research Brief of Coastal Carolina University November 2007. (, retrieved 11

Agustus 2011).

Reys, Robert E., Marilyn N. Suydam, Mary M. Lindquist. (2003). Helping Children Learn Mathematics. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall Inc.

Romberg, Thomas A. (2001). Developing Mathematics in Context. Dalam Meyer, Meg (Editor). Mathematics In Context (Page 4 – 8). Madison: Education Development Center.

Sembiring, Robert K. (2007). PMRI: History, Progress, and Challenges. Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika Volume I No. 1, Januari 2007: 82 - 93. Program Studi Magister Pendidikan Matematika Program Pascasarjana Universitas Sriwijaya.

Walle, John A. Van de. (2007). Elementary and Middle School Mathematics: Teaching Developmentally. Boston: Pearson Education.

Wijaya, Ariyadi. (2008). Design Research On Mathematics Education: Indonesian Traditional Games As Preliminaries In Learning Measurement of Length. Dalam Zulkardi (Editor). Prosiding Konferensi Nasional Matematika XIV. Himpunan Matematika Indonesia (IndoMS) & Universitas Sriwijaya. Palembang, 24 – 27 Juli 2008.

Zulkardi. (2002). Developing A Learning Environment On Realistic Mathematics Education For Indonesian Student Teachers. Enschede: PrintPartners Ipskamp.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Journal on Mathematics Education
Program S3 Pendidikan Matematika FKIP Universitas Sriwijaya
Kampus FKIP Bukit Besar
Jl. Srijaya Negara, Bukit Besar
Palembang - 30139

p-ISSN: 2087-8885 | e-ISSN: 2407-0610
Journal on Mathematics Education is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

View My Stats

Indexed in: