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Table of Contents

Articles

DEVELOPING MATHEMATIC QUESTIONS OF PISA TYPE BY USING BANGKA CONTEXT

M Noviarsyah Dasaprawira, Zulkardi Zulkardi, Ely Susanti

 

Abstract

This study aims to develop a math problem type PISA to familiarize students using problems with PISA standard and produces a valid, practical, PISA context of Bangka (Tanjung Kalian Lighthouse) type and see the basic math skills (KDM) seen from the context of Tanjung Kalian lighthouse. The research method used is design research with the type of research development or development studies. The result of the research is a valid PISA math problem at the expert review stage and one to one, while the practicality is done by small group stages. The ability that is found in the form of communication, representation, mathematical, reasoning and argument, and formulates a strategy to solve the problem.

Keywords

PISA, mathematical literacy, Bangka context, KDM

 

 

SOFT TENNIS AND VOLLEYBALL CONTEXTS IN ASIAN GAMES FOR PISA-LIKE MATHEMATICS PROBLEMS

Riya Dhotul Jannah, Ratu Ilma Indra Putri, Zulkardi Zulkardi

 

Abstract

by using soft tennis and volleyball contexts in Asian Games and to know the potential effect of the problems on students' mathematical literacy. The method used in this study was design research with the type development studies. The validity was viewed from expert assessment regarding the content, constructs, language, and students comments to the clarity/legibility of the problem in the one-to-one phase. Then practicality was viewed in the small group phase, and it was found that students could understand the problem well. Based on the answers from 33 tenth-grade students of Senior High School, it was found that the problems had potential effects that arouse the ability to use symbolic, formal, and technical language, and operations, communication ability, and representation ability. With the problem of the soft tennis context, 5 students could apply the ability to use symbolic, formal, and technical language, and operations, 12 students could apply representation ability, and 16 students could apply the communication ability. While, with the problem of the volleyball context, 18 students could apply the communication ability, and 9 students could apply the representation ability.

Keywords: Design Research, PISA, Mathematical Literacy, Asian Games

 

 

INVESTIGATION OF MATHEMATICS TEACHERS' OPINIONS ABOUT PROBLEM POSING

Cengiz Erdik

 

Abstract

Problem posing in mathematics education is one of the most important skills. Since mathematics teachers are one of the most important parts of mathematics education and teaching, this research was conducted to evaluate their views on this important skill and the implementation process. The research was carried out by 56 mathematics teachers working at different schools with different seniority times. Opinions from the teachers were evaluated by applying content analysis. The importance of problem-solving skills in mathematics education has come from knowledge and practice that teachers have.

Keywords

problem posing, mathematics education, mathematics teacher

 

 

MATHEMATICAL PROOF: THE LEARNING OBSTACLES OF PRE-SERVICE MATHEMATICS TEACHERS ON TRANSFORMATION GEOMETRY

Muchamad Subali Noto, Nanang Priatna, Jarnawi Afgani Dahlan

 

Abstract

Several studies related to mathematical proof have been done by many researchers on high-level materials, but not yet examined on the material of transformation geometry. The aim of this research is identification learning obstacles pre-service teachers on transformation geometry. This study is qualitative research; data were collected from interview sheets and test. There was four problem given to 9 pre-service mathematics teachers. The results of this research were as follows: learning obstacles related to the difficulty in applying the concept; related to visualize the geometry object; related to obstacles in determining principle; related to understanding the problem and related obstacles in mathematical proofs such as not understanding and unable to express a definition, not knowing to use the definition to construct the proof, not understanding the use of language and mathematical notation, not knowing how to start the proof.

Keywords

Mathematical Proof, Pre-service Mathematics Teachers, Geometry

 

 

MAKE A MATCH MODEL, HIGH ORDER THINKING SKILLS QUESTIONS, AND THE STUDENTS’ CURIOSITY

Putri Permata Sari, Budiyono Budiyono, Isnandar Slamet

 

Abstract

Geometry has an important role in mathematics study. Make A Match high order thinking skills questions aims to improve the students' curiosity and students' HOTS for understanding the material. This research aims to find out the effect of learning model and emotional intelligence toward students' mathematics achievement.This research is quasi-experimental research with a 2x3factorial design. Population on this research was State Senior High School students' on 11th grade in Sukoharjo Regency, Central Java, Indonesia. The data collection were collected by using questionnaire and test. Furthermore, data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA. According to the research findings, shows that: students taught by MAM HOTS questions have better mathematics learning achievement than those taught by using direct learning model. Students having high emotional intelligence category have better mathematics learning achievement than those having medium and low emotional intelligence category, and they who have medium emotional intelligence category have mathematics learning achievement as good as those with low emotional intelligence category.Therefore, MAM HOTS questions can improve students' learning achievement.

Keywords

Make A Match, High Order Thinking Skills Questions, Emotional Intelligence, Geometry

 

 

GENDER REVIEWED MATHEMATICAL INTUITION AT 7th GRADE STUDENTS THROUGH OPEN-ENDED BASED-INQUIRY LEARNING

Yatha Yuni, Darhim Darhim, Turmudi Turmudi

 

Abstract

This study aims to examine the differences in students’ mathematical intuition abilities. Differences were reviewed by gender, through Open-ended Inquiry-Based Learning. The design of this study was a Pretest-Posttest Control Group Experiment. The subject of this study was 156 seventh graders of Madrasah Tsanawiyah in Bekasi, 77 male, and 79 female students. Data were analyzed with the help of SPSS. The result of this study showed p-value > ? (0,174 < 0,05). That means there was not different in mathematical intuition ability of male and female students.

Keywords

Mathematical Intuition, Gender, Open-Ended Based-Inquiry Learning

 

 

LONG JUMP IN ASIAN GAMES: CONTEXT OF PISA-LIKE MATHEMATIC PROBLEMS

Ika Pratiwi, Ratu Ilma Indra Putri, Zulkardi Zulkardi

 

Abstract

This study aimed to produce a set of PISA-like mathematics problems content of uncertainty and data using long jump context in Asian Games that were valid, practical and had potential effects on the ability of the students’ mathematical literacy. This study used the design research method of development studies type in two stages, preliminary and formative evaluation. The subject of this study involved 34 students of Senior High School. The result of this study was a set of PISA-like mathematics problems using long jump context in Asian Games which were valid, practical, and had potential effects. The result of students’ answer analysis showed some strategies and arguments used by students. In question 1, 3 out of 34 students were involved in representation, reasoning and argument ability, 31 out of 34 students were involved in reasoning and argument ability. In question 2, 30 out of 34 students were involved in representation and reasoning and argument ability, and 4 out of 34 students were involved in communication, representation, reasoning and argument ability. Also, using the PISA-like mathematics problems with long jump context made students more interested and active during the learning process.

Keywords

Design Research; PISA-like Mathematics Problems; Asian Games

 

 

DESCRIBING STUDENT’S MATHEMATICAL COMPETENCE: DO COGNITIVE STYLES MAKE ANY DIFFERENCE?

Harina Fitriyani, Fariz Setyawan, Afit Istiandaru, Aan Hendroanto, Vita Istihapsari

 

Abstract

Mathematical competence refers to the skills of students in reasoning, connection, communication, representation, and problem-solving. Various researchers have massively discussed on how to foster mathematical competence. However, it is just a few of them comprehensively explain from the cognitive styles perspective. This research aims to measure the junior high school students’ mathematical competence based on their cognitive style.This research used a descriptive qualitative approach. There were 35 students took part in the mapping of cognitive styles using the Matching Familiar Figure Test and were then selected representative from the reflective and the impulsive cognitive style to have a further assessment of the mathematical competence using the mathematical competence test. The data analysis usedthe model of Milles and Huberman. The results showed that there was a difference mathematical competence between the subject having impulsive cognitive style and the one having reflective cognitive style. The percentage of mathematical competence of reflective subject was 69% while the impulsive subject was 56.89%. From all aspects of mathematical competence, the reflective subject tends better ability; for instance, the reflective subject has better ability than the impulsive subject on mathematical connection, mathematical reasoning, mathematical representation, and problem-solving.

Keywords

Mathematical competence, Cognitive style, Reflective, Impulsive

 

 

DEVELOPING INTERACTIVE LEARNING MEDIA FOR SCHOOL LEVEL MATHEMATICS THROUGH OPEN-ENDED APPROACH AIDED BY VISUAL BASIC APPLICATION FOR EXCEL

Euis Eti Rohaeti, Martin Bernard, Restu Bias Primandhika

 

Abstract

This research is a merged descriptive and quasi-experiment research aimed to describe students’ creativity in developing interactive learning media with Visual Basic Application for Excel. Besides that, it had done to review students’ ability which learning used open-ended Visual Basic Application for Excel compared with the other students’ which learning used the expository method with Visual Basic Application for Excel based. The subject contained 35 students in experiment class and 33 students in control class, where the creativity of their learning media is reviewed and is analyzed using SPSS. The research result shows that: (1) Students’ creativity in creating interactive learning media that the learning used open-ended Visual Basic Application for Excel based is better than the one with expository method of Visual Basic Application for Excel found; (2) Students creativity in creating interactive learning media is the combination of their mastery towards school level mathematics and the ability in applying Visual Basic Application for Excel.

Keywords

Creative Thinking Ability, Open-Ended Approach, Visual Basic Application for Excel

 

 

ETHNOMATHEMATICS IN SASAKNESE ARCHITECTURE

Sri Supiyati, Farida Hanum, Jailani Jailani

 

Abstract

This research is aimed to explore the cultural elements especially in Sasak architectures in Lombok Island such as a home living (Bale), worship building (masjid), lumbung (sambi) in ethnomathematics point of view. This research uses qualitative approach with cognitive (anthropology cognitive). The interviewees are the experienced custom leader and humanists who has conducted the research on Sasak society. Meanwhile, the data collection method used the participant, observation and documentation. Data analysis on this research is not only based on the researcher is interpretation but also the idea structure of the society.  This research shows the evidence of sensitivity on the use of numbers practiced by Sasak ancestor long time ago in doing the measurement using their anthropometric ability (Ethno mathematics). The architecture products of sasak society also describe that sasak society is more focus on the process than the final products itself which describes the consistency in conducting role and cultural device which control the desire of individual construction.

Keywords

Ethno mathematics; Architecture; Sasak Society

 

 

ELEMENTARY STUDENTS MATHEMATICAL PROBLEM-SOLVING VIEWED FROM INTERPERSONAL INTELLIGENCE

Desty Ratna Permataari, Heribertus Soegiyanto, Budi Usodo

 

Abstract

Problem-solving ability is one of the fundamental skills that must be mastered by students because problem-solving skills will help to solve problems in other subjects as well as everyday life. Therefore, the problem-solving ability is a common goal of learning mathematics. Success in mathematical problems solving is influenced by student abilities and skills in creating social relations. Student abilities and skills in creating social relations and to work effectively with others called interpersonal intelligence. This research aims to describe mathematical problem solving of elementary students used the descriptive qualitative method which data was collected through questionnaire, test, and interview. Results showed that students with high interpersonal intelligence could master four indicators of problem-solving, namely understand the problem, devise a plan, carry out the idea, and lock back. Students with average interpersonal intelligence can master understands the problem and design a plan indicator, but sometimes they can't carry out the plan correctly. Students with low interpersonal intelligence just understanding the problem, but they can't devise the plan well.

Keywords

Problem-solving; Interpersonal Intelligence

 

 

SAILING CONTEXT IN PISA LIKE MATHEMATICS PROBLEM

Arvin Efriani, Ratu Ilma Indra Putri, Hapizah Hapizah

 

Abstract

Developing PISA like mathematics problems using daily life context helps to improve the quality of learning. This study aimed to generate a valid, practical and having potential effects on mathematics literacy ability PISA like mathematics problems with the context of sailing in the 2018 Asian Games. This research involved 3 expert reviews and 32 fifteen-years-old tenth-grade students in Senior High School number 10 Palembang as the research subjects. This study used the design research method of development studies type. The data were collected from the documentation, walkthrough, tests, and interviews. The problem developed in this study is related to the length of wood required to span the sail. The results show that the problems 1) are valid, viewed from its compatibility with the PISA framework, in which it had related the problems with daily life context of sailing in the 2018 Asian Games, as well as the space and shape content, 2) are practical, viewed from students' understanding of the problem, 3) have potential effects when tested in learning issue of mathematical literacy ability. The dominant ability is reasoning and representation ability, while the communication ability is still low because the students do not give detailed answers.

Keywords

Mathematics literacy, PISA, Design Research, Sailing Context

 

 

THE EFFECT OF USING RING THEORY MOBILE APPLICATION ON STUDENT INVOLVEMENT AND REASONING ABILITY

Sri Suryanti, Deni Sutaji

 

Abstract

This study aims to determine the influence of the use of ring theory mobile application on student involvement in learning and the students' reasoning ability. The subject of research is sixth-semester students who take the subject of Ring Theory that is 30 people. The research instrument used is observation sheet, student involvement questionnaire, and test questions to know students' reasoning ability. The research method used is descriptive quantitative to know the involvement of students, while to know the effect on students' reasoning ability used independent sample t-test with SPSS 15.0. The results showed that the use of ring theory mobile application caused a very positive engagement, from the overall indicator of student involvement in learning, gets an average score  4.74 (score range 1-5). Also, there was a significant influence of the use of ring theory mobile application on students' reasoning ability, which is 0.721

Keywords

ring theory mobile application, student involvement, reasoning ability

 

 

ELEMENTARY TEACHER’S OBSTACLES IN IMPLEMENTING PROBLEM-BASED LEARNING MODEL ON MATHEMATICS LEARNING

Vivi Astuti Nurlaily, Heribertus Soegiyanto, Budi Usodo

 

Abstract

This study aims to describe the teachers' obstacles in applying problem-based learning model in Mathematics learning of elementary schools. This method of this study was a qualitative descriptive. The data sources were three third-grade teachers of the elementary schools. The data analysis was done from the data collection stage, data reduction, data presentation, and data verification. The results show: in the planning stage, the obstacles occurred when the teachers need a careful preparation in making learning planning and determining the problem at the beginning of learning. In the implementation stage, the obstacles occured when the implementation was lack of time in maximizing the activity in all phases, the teachers find it difficult to  lead the students to the problems that need the solution, the teachers require the sufficient time to organize the students in group activities, the teachers find it difficult to divide the time to guide the groups since the students still waiting for the teacher to explain to the group without doing it themselves in advance, the teacher find it difficult to make the students actively ask or respond, and the feedback from problem-solving is less profound.

Keywords

elementary school; problem-based learning; teachers obstacles.

 

 

DEVELOPING MATHEMATICAL PROBLEMS OF PISA-LIKE ON UNCERTAINTY AND DATA CONTENT WITH FOOTBALL SPORT OF ASIAN GAMES CONTEXT

Dedi Yansen, Ratu Ilma Indra Putri, Zulkardi Zulkardi, Siti Fatimah

 

Abstract

This study aimed to generate math problem of PISA-like on uncertainty and data content with the valid and practical context of the football game of Asian Games and to see the potential effects of the problems made on the mathematical ability of high school students. The research methodology used is design research with the type of development study divided into 2 stage, namely preliminary and formative evaluation.  The preliminary stage covered the analysis of research subjects, curriculum analysis, PISA framework and creating a question instrument. The formative evaluation stage included one to one consisting of 3 students together with expert review consisting of 2 validators, small group consisting of 6 students, and then the field test. This study yielded mathematics problems of PISA-like on uncertainty and data content that was valid and practical and had a potential effect on the ability of mathematical literacy of senior high school students. Validity was based on the expert review. Practicality was based on one-to-one and smalls group. The emerging ability of students' mathematical literacy was communication, reasoning and argument ability as well as ability in devising Strategies for Solving Problems.

Keywords: PISA-Like, The Ability of Mathematical Literacy, Research Design, Asian Games.

 

 

CIRCUIT LEARNING MODEL-BASED HIGHER ORDER THINKING SKILLS TO IMPROVING STUDENTS’ PROBLEM SOLVING

Rosaini Rosaini, Budiyono Budiyono, Hasih Pratiwi

 

Abstract

The 2013 curriculum emphasizes the application of Higher Order Thinking (HOTS) questions in learning, and it is also necessary for teachers to use student learning models. Teachers as supporters of both aspects mentioned need to be given attention because of difficulties applying the model of learning and hots in learning mathematics. This is due to the unfamiliarity of students with HOTS type questions in the learning model. The purpose of this research is to know the effectiveness of the HOTS-based learning model in facilitating the problem-solving ability of the students. The research subject is the seventh-grade student of SMP in Sleman, Yogyakarta. The result of this research is there is a change when using HOTS-based circuit learning in mathematics learning. The results of this study indicate that students 'pretest and posttest results are increasing, meaning that students' completion abilities increase after using HOTS-based circuit learning model.

Keywords

circuit learning model; higher order thinking skills; problem solving

 

 

PISA-LIKE MATHEMATICS PROBLEMS: TAEKWONDO CONTEXT IN ASIAN GAMES

Dewi Rawani, Ratu Ilma Indra Putri, Hapizah Hapizah

 

Abstract

This research aims to produce a valid, practical and having potential effects PISA-like mathematics problems using taekwondo context in Asian Games. The subjects were MIA 3 student of SMA 10 Palembang. This study was design research of development study in which had two stage: the preliminary and formative evaluation. Formative evaluation which includes: self-evaluation, one-to-one and expert review, small group, and field test. The context is used to have the students estimate maximum numbers of exercising athletes in a hall with the specific size. The result of the analysis shows that the problems which were reviewed by three expert reviews are valid qualitatively based on PISA framework; it is also practical and easy to understand the problem. Based on the analysis of students’ answer, the developed problems display potential effects on student’s diverse basic mathematical abilities on the various process of answering the problems. The basic mathematics abilities emerging among which are reasoning and argument ability. It appears that students can develop and solve the problem by modeling using their own assumptions. Also, the other ability is designing strategies to solve problems in which students use various procedures in solving problems leading the conclusion.

 

 

COMBINING GOOGLE SKETCHUP AND ISPRING SUITE 8: A BREAKTHROUGH TO DEVELOP GEOMETRY LEARNING MEDIA

Ani Nurwijayanti, Budiyono Budiyono, Laila Fitriana

 

Abstract

This study aims to: 1) develop and produce teaching and learning geometry media on curved-face-three-dimensional objects Ispring Suite 8 with 3D effects supported by Google SketchUp, 2) to find the developed media effectiveness towards the basic geometry skills and the study result of 9 grader junior high school students. Further, it is a development study which refers to Budiyono’s development model that includes four stages. These stages are the preliminary, product development, product trial on its effectiveness, dissemination and product implementation. The entire stage was imposed on three different schools in Karanganyar, one of a district in Indonesia by using stratified cluster random sampling. Three schools were taken in some seven classes involved in the effectiveness test through the assessment questionnaire and the before-after test, as well as the efficacy test after the expert's judgement using the validation sheet. The result shows that the geometry learning media is a valid based on the experts' validation judgement, and also practical based on the teacher and students judgement in the trial of the product. The basic geometry skills and the study result of the students are improved after getting the treatment with the media. It can be concluded that this media is effective and able to be used further in the junior high school level.

Keywords

Geometry Learning media; Ispring Suite 8; Google SketchUp

 

 

PISA-LIKE PROBLEMS USING THE CONTEXT OF SWIMMING SPORTS IN ASIAN GAMES

Eko Septiansyah Putra, Ratu Ilma Indra Putri, Ely Susanti

 

Abstract

This study aimed to produce items of PISA mathematics using the context of swimming sports that was valid, practical and had potential effects of the problem on students' mathematical literacy ability. The method used was designed research type development study. This method consisted of two stages, preliminary and formative evaluation. The data collection techniques used walkthrough interviews, documentation, and tests. The items were validated by four experts for the expert review and three students on one-to-one. The validity of this developed problem was seen from its compatibility with the PISA framework. Practicality seen from small group test results involved six students. The developed items were practical because they were easily understood and used by the students. The potential effects were identified based on the analysis of students' answers on the field test stage. The field test was conducted in SMA Negeri 1 Palembang for 31 students. The results of this study generated PISA-like problems using the context of swimming sports that were valid, practical and had potential effects on students' mathematical literacy skills. In this study, the students' mathematical literacy skills arose to include mathematical ability, reasoning and argumentation ability, and ability to choose strategies to solve problems

Keywords

Development studies, PISA, Swimming, Asian Games

 

 

THE KINDS OF QUESTIONS ASKED BY NOVICE TEACHERS IN LEARNING MATHEMATICS

Labiba Zahra, Tri Atmojo Kusmayadi, Budi Usodo

 

Abstract

This study described the kinds of questions asked by novice teachers during mathematics learning process in senior high school. This study used descriptive analysis. The subjects of this study were 2 novice teachers who teach mathematics in 10th grade. The result shows that the frequent questions asked by novice teacher based on the objective were compliance questions, rhetorical questions and sometimes prompting questions and probing questions. The frequent questions asked by novice teacher based on the cognitive process dimension of Revised Bloom’s Taxonomy were questions of remembering, questions of understanding, questions of applying, questions of analyzing and questions of evaluating. The novice teacher asked the routine questions which had same thinking level. The question with the highest level in thinking didn’t ask by the novice teacher.

Keywords

kinds of questions; Revised Bloom’s Taxonomy; novice teachers; mathematics learning

 

 

IMPLEMENTATION PROJECT BASED LEARNING TO IMPROVE STUDENT’S CREATIVITY IN CREATING MATH MANIPULATIVES

Siti Khoiruli Ummah, Akhsanul In’am, Rizal Dian Azmi

 

Abstract

The purpose of this study is describing the implementation of project based learning models and analyzing student’s creativity improvement in the course of instructional media. The description about the implementation of project based learning model were based on the syntax that is gained by field note during one semester. Then, the student’s creativity improvement related to the aspect of originality, novelty, and flexibility that is obtained by comparing to the last project. The research method were used descriptive using qualitative data. The subject of the research are the mathematics’ students who take course of instructional media. The result of this research showed the increasing of project based learning model’s implementation. The increasing is based on the project of making manipulative instructional media. Increased creativity is also evident from a variety of project so that meet the aspects of flexibility and novelty in a good criteria. The aspect of originality meets a fairly good criteria.

Keywords

Project Based Learning, Creativity, Math Manipulatives

 

 

PISA TASK: WHAT IS THE WEIGHT OF A WEIGHTLIFTING DISC?

Dian Fitra, Ratu Ilma Indra Putri, Ely Susanti

 

Abstract

One way to improve the quality of mathematics learning in Indonesia, achievement in PISA in particular, is by conducting PISA related researches. This study aims to generate a valid, practical, and having potential effect PISA task using a weight-lifting context. It is design research in which the development process was done by the Tessmer's formative evaluation. The data were collected through walkthrough, interviews, documentation, and tests. The test items validation process involved three experts at expert review stage and three students in the one-to-one phase. The validity of the items was checked from its compatibility with the PISA framework regarding content, context, literacy process and level of questions. The practicality was examined from small group test results of the six students. The developed items are practical since students easily understand them and they are easy to use. The potential effects of the developed items were seen based on the capabilities students engaged in during their process of solving the given problem. The developed PISA task capable of generating fundamental mathematical competences, i.e., communication; representation; mathematization; reasoning and arguments; choosing strategies to solve problems; using language and symbolic, formal and technical operations.

Keywords

Development Study, PISA, Weightlifting, Fundamental Mathematical Capabilities

 

 

USING HANDOUT FOR LEARNING MEDIA COURSE: CAN WE INTEGRATE LOCAL WISDOM IN MATHEMATICS LEARNING?

Setiyani Setiyani, Ferry Ferdianto

 

Abstract

The aims of this research are to know the mastery of students’ mathematics learning in subjects instructional media both mastery of individual and classical completeness and how the response of students in teaching materials media based on local wisdom. This research uses descriptive qualitative approach. Data collection conducted on 25 students selected by purposive sample then the learning done using handout based on local wisdom. Students make teaching aids in groups, then asked to respond the course using a handout. Completeness of learning in the subject obtained through the project in the form of the teaching aids they have made. Data collection is done by observation learning, questionnaires, and documentation. Data analysis was done by quantitative and qualitative descriptive method. The result showed that student’s learning mastery both classical and individual had achieved and the average result of student’s response to teaching material of 76,35 shows a reliable interpretation. So that can be interpreted that the student response to learning media lectures using teaching materials get a good response from students.

Keywords

Local wisdom, Learning media course, Handout

 

 

PISA-LIKE MATHEMATICS PROBLEMS USING AQUATIC CONTEXT IN ASIAN GAMES

Levana Maharani, Ratu Ilma Indra Putri, Yusuf Hartono

Abstract

This study aimed to create mathematical problems of uncertainty and data contents in PISA using aquatic context that were valid, practical and had the potential effect. This study was designed to the research of development study. The subjects in this study were tenth-grade students of Indo Global Mandiri senior high school Palembang consisting of 20 students. Data were gathered by means of interviews, observation, and tests. The results of data analysis showed that there were 8 valid and practical items of PISA type of uncertainty and data contents obtained using aquatic contexts in Asian Games. It was concluded that 11 out of 20 students showed reasoning skills and good arguments and 9 out of 20 students showed reasoning skills and arguments but incomplete, this was because they were not used to solving PISA type problems in learning.

Keywords

Task design, PISA, Aquatic Context