Effects of Ciplukan Fruit Extract (Physallis peruvenia) on T4 levels in White Rats

Nita Parisa


Hyperthyroidism is a condition where there is an increase in thyroid hormone synthesis and secretion so that the level of thyroid hormone in the blood increases. In 2013, data showed 0.4% of Indonesia's population experienced hyperthyroidism. Ciplukan fruit (Physalis peruviana) is an Indonesian herb that is thought to have an effect on thyroid hormone. This research is an in vivo experimental study. The research subjects were 30 Wistar strain white rats divided into 5 groups: negative control (distilled water), positive control (PTU 100 mg / kgBW), groups 3, 4, and 5 Ciplukan fruit extracts at a dose of 250 mg/kgBW, 500 mg/kgBW, and 1000 mg/kgBW. The results of the examination showed a decrease in T4 levels in the treatment with positive control and administration of ciplukan fruit extracts. There was a difference in the reduction in T4 levels for the group giving ciplukan extract doses of 1, 2, and 3 (p <0.05). It can be concluded that Ciplukan fruit extract with a dose of 250 mg/kgBW, 500 mg/kgBW, and 1000 mg/kgBW has potential as an anti-hyperthyroidism.


ciplukan, hyperthyroidism, thyroid, T4, PTU

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.32539/bji.v5i3.9872


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