Identifying Factors Influencing the Labor Productivity of SMEs in South Sumatra

Dirta Pratama Atiyatna, Abdul Bashir, Ichsan Hamidi

Abstract


This study is to investigate the effect of human capital, labor domicile, gender, and working hours on the productivity of MSME workers in South Sumatra. The data used are primary data, data collection with a purposive sample approach as many as 196 samples as workers in SMEs. This study applies a logistic regression approach. The findings of this study indicate that independent tests, human capital, labor domicile, gender, and working hours have a significant relationship to labor productivity. Likewise, jointly the predictor variables such as junior high school, Local  workers, male, and working hours of more than seven hours have the opportunity to get higher productivity than other categories in SMEs.


Keywords


Human Capital, Labor Domicile, Gender, Working Hours, Labor Productivity, SMEs

Full Text:

PDF

References


Becker, G. S. (1994). Human Capital: A Theoritical and Empirical Analysis, With Special Preference to Education (3rd ed.). National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

Cirillo, V., & Ricci, A. (2020). Heterogeneity Matters: Temporary Employment, Productivity and Wages in Italian Firms. Economia Politica, 3(September), 1–27. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40888-020-00197-2

Cui, D., Wei, X., Wu, D., Cui, N., & Nijkamp, P. (2019). Leisure Time and Labor Productivity: A New Economic View Rooted from Sociological Perspective. Economics, 13, 1–24. https://doi.org/10.5018/economics-ejournal.ja.2019-36

Fatkhurahman. (2017). Peran Modal Manusia dan Modal Investasi Terhadap Nilai Produksi Industri Kecil di Kota Pekanbaru. Jurnal Benefita, 2(1), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.22216/jbe.v2i1.379

Herawati, N., & Sasanam H. (2013). Analisis Pengaruh Pendidikan, Upah, Pengalaman Kerja, Jenis Kelamin dan Umur terhadap Produktivitas Tenaga Kerja Industri Shutllecock Kota Tegal. Diponegoro Journal of Economics, 2(4), 1–8.

Hosmer, D. W., Lemeshow, S., & Sturdivant, R. X. (2013). Applied Logistic Regression (3rd ed.). John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Huselid, M. A. (1995). the Impact of Human Resource Management Practices on Turnover, Productivity, and Corporate Financial Performance. Academy of Management Journal, 38(3), 635–672. https://doi.org/10.2307/256741

International Labour Office. (2015). Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises and Decent and Productive Employment Creation. In International Labour Conference 2015 (1st ed.). International Labour Organization.

Ismail, R. (2009). Human Capital Attainment and Performance of Small and Medium Scale Industries in Malaysia. Economic Journal of Emerging Markets, 11(1). doi:https://doi.org/10.20885/ejem.v11i1.578

Jackson, S. E., Schuler, R. S., & Jiang, K. (2014). An Aspirational Framework for Strategic Human Resource Management. Academy of Management Annals, 8(1), 1–56. https://doi.org/10.1080/19416520.2014.872335

Kercheval, J., Markowitz, D., Monson, K., & Read, B. (2013). Women in Leadership: Research on Barriers to Employment and Decent Work for Women.

Koyuncu, J. Y., Y?lmaz, R., & Ünver, M. (2016). The Relationship Between Female Labor Force Participation and Labor Productivity: Panel Data Analysis. International Refereed Academic Social Sciences Journal, 11(2), 237–249. https://doi.org/10.17364/iib.2015189755

Litsareva, E. (2017). Success Factors of Asia-Pacific Fast-Developing Regions’ Technological Innovation Development and Economic Growth. International Journal of Innovation Studies, 1(1), 72–88. https://doi.org/10.3724/sp.j.1440.101006

Lubis, Y. (2018). Pengaruh Jam Kerja, Upah Dan Usia Terhadap Produktivitas Kerja Karyawan PT. Putra Fajar Jaya Medan. Jurnal Agrica, 7(2), 72-75. doi:https://doi.org/10.31289/agrica.v7i2.1367

Man, N. C., & Ling, T. W. (2014). Relationships between Working Hours and Productivity: The Case of Food Services and Information Communication Industries in Hong Kong. Advances in Economics and Business, 2(7), 281–292. https://doi.org/10.13189/aeb.2014.020704

Marnisah, L. (2017). Analisis Tingkat Pendidikan dan Kemampuan Tenaga Kerja Perempuan terhadap Terjadinya Diskriminasi Upah pada Sektor Industri Sedang di Kota Palembang. An Nisa’a: Jurnal Kajian Gender Dan Anak, 12(1), 1–8.

Noorali, M., & Gilaninia, S. (2017). The Role of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in Development. Nigerian Chapter of Arabian Journal of Business and Management Review, 4(4), 36–40. https://doi.org/10.12816/0040342

Nurlina. (2018). Ekonomi Ketenagakerjaan (3rd ed.). Universitas Sriwijaya Press.

Panshin, I. V., Markhaichuk, M. M., & Yares, O. B. (2019). Interregional Labor Migration As a Tool to Increase Regional Labor Productivity: The Case of Russia. International Journal of Economics and Business Administration, 7(1), 125–137. DOI: 10.35808/ijeba/258

Ramadhan, R., & Setiadi, Y. (2019). Pengaruh Modal Fisik dan Sumber Daya Manusia terhadap Indeks Inklusif di Indonesia. Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, 17(2), 109-124. doi:https://doi.org/10.29259/jep.v17i2.9797

Saleh, H., Surya, B., Ahmad, D. N. A., & Manda, D. (2020). The Role of Natural and Human Resources on Economic Growth and Regional Development: With Discussion of Open Innovation Dynamics. Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity, 6(4), 1–24. https://doi.org/10.3390/joitmc6040103

Salehi, M., Shirouyehzad, H., & Dabestani, R. (2013). Labour Productivity Measurement Through Classification and Standardisation of Products. International Journal of Productivity and Quality Management, 11(1), 57–72. https://doi.org/10.1504/IJPQM.2013.050568

Sani, R. M., Sambodo, H., & Bambang, B. (2018). The Effect of Human Capital, Labors, and Capital on Economic Growth in Barlingmascakeb. Eko-Regional Jurnal Pengembangan Ekonomi Wilayah, 13(2), 60–68. https://doi.org/10.20884/1.erjpe.2018.13.2.1172

Sima, V., Gheorghe, I. G., Subi?, J., & Nancu, D. (2020). Influences of The Industry 4.0 Revolution on The Human capital Development and Consumer Behavior: A Systematic Review. Sustainability (Switzerland), 12(10), 1–28. https://doi.org/10.3390/SU12104035

Sitorus, F., & Wicaksono, P. (2020). The determinant of educational mismatch and its correlation to wages. Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, 18(2), 163-176. doi:https://doi.org/10.29259/jep.v18i2.12788

Sudaryo, Y., & Purnamasari, D. (2017). Strategy Development Micro, Small and Medium Business Performance in Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) Cibaduyut Shoe Bandung. International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research, 6(3), 102–105.

Suhaili, M., & Sugiharsono, S. (2019). Role of MSME in Absorbing Labor and Contribution to GDP. Economics Development Analysis Journal, 8(3), 301–315. https://doi.org/10.15294/edaj.v8i3.35229

Tambunan, T. T. H. (2011). Development of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises and Their Constraints: A Story from Indonesia. Gadjah Mada International Journal of Business, 13(1), 21–43. https://doi.org/10.22146/gamaijb.5492

Wirawan, N. G. D., & Indrajaya, I. G. B. (2019). Pengaruh Modal dan Tenaga Kerja terhadap Produksi dan Pendapatan pada UKM Pie Susu di Denpasar. E-Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan Universitas Udayana, 8(2), 453–485.

Yunisvita, Y. (2020). Does monopsony exist in academic labor market?. Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, 18(1), 31-36. doi:https://doi.org/10.29259/jep.v18i1.11057




DOI: https://doi.org/10.29259/jep.v19i1.13111

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan
Jalan Raya Palembang-Prabumulih Km. 32
Jurusan Ekonomi Pembangunan, Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Sriwijaya
Indralaya, Sumatera Selatan, Indonesia
Email: jep.unsri@gmail.com, Tel/Fax : (0711)580231


p-ISSN: 1829-5843, e-ISSN 2685-0788


Creative Commons License

Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan by http://ejournal.unsri.ac.id/index.php/jep 

is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.  

Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan is Indexed by:

   

Logo Google Scholar Unsri Moraref One Search