What are the Leading Sectors Expected to Reduce Inequality in South Sumatra Province?

Dian Apriyani

Abstract


This study aims to find out the leading sectors and to analyze income inequality in South Sumatera Province, which the result is very important since no recent research has been done in this field for the study area. The data used in this study are secondary data from 2011-2020 which are sourced from the publications of the BPS-Statistic of South Sumatera Province. To find out inequality and investigate its causes, Klassen typological analysis, Williamson index, and Theil's entropy index are used. Meanwhile, to analyze the potential leading sectors, a combination of Location Quotient analysis, Shift Share Analysis, and sectoral typology is used. The results of this study suggest that local governments develop the agricultural sector because it is proven to have excellent potential as a leading sector. In addition, the trade, hotel, and restaurant sector is a special sector and good to be developed because eleven regencies/cities have high potency for this sector. The results of the study also show that the regencies/cities in South Sumatera Province are grouped in quadrant III of Klassen’s, which is a relatively underdeveloped area. Income inequality in South Sumatra Province is categorized high with a Williamson index of 0.71, with the cause of the inequality being the inequality between groups of regencies/cities producing oil and gas.

Keywords


inequality income; Theil entropy index; sectoral typology

Full Text:

PDF

References


Andhiani, K. D., Erfit, & Bhakti, A. (2018). Analisis Pertumbuhan Ekonomi dan Ketimpangan Pembangunan di Wilayah Sumatera. Jurnal Perspektif Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Daerah, 7(1), 26–34.

Hariani, P., & Silvia, E. (2014). Analisis Pengaruh Infrastruktur Pembangunan Kawasan Ekonomi Khusus (KEK) Sei Mangkei terhadap Pertumbuhan Ekonomi di Kabupaten Simalungun. Ekonomikawan (Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi dan Studi Pembangunan), 15(1), 16–36. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30596%2Fekonomikawan.v15i1.1028.

Hidayat, M., Darwin, R., & Hadi, M. F. (2018). Inequality of Interregional Development in Riau Indonesia; Panel Data Regression Approach. International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, 8(5), 184–189.

Mahardiki, D., & Santoso, R. P. (2013). Analisis Perubahan Ketimpangan Pendapatan dan Pertumbuhan Ekonomi antar Propinsi Di Indonesia 2006-2011. JEJAK: Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan, 6(2), 179-193. https://doi.org/10.15294/jejak.v6i2.3888.

Irkham, M. (2019). Analisis Ketimpangan Wilayah. Akuntabel, 16(1), 98–110. http://dx.doi.org/10.29264/jakt.v16i1.5385.

Iskandar, A., & Saragih, R. (2018). Analisis Kondisi Kesenjangan Ekonomi Daerah: Studi Kasus Kabupaten/Kota di Sulawesi Selatan. Info Artha, 2(1), 37–52. https://doi.org/10.31092/jia.v2i1.232.

Iswanto, D. (2015). Ketimpangan Pendapatan Antar Kabupaten/Kota dan Pertumbuhan Ekonomi di Propinsi Jawa Timur. Signifikan: Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi, 4(1), 41–66. https://doi.org/10.15408/sjie.v4i1.2293.

Kartiasih, F. (2019). Transformasi Struktural dan Ketimpangan Antar Daerah di Provinsi Kalimantan Timur. Inovasi: Jurnal Ekonomi Keuangan dan Manajemen, 15(1), 105–113. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29264/jinv.v15i1.5201.

Maulana, A. (2019). Analisis Ketimpangan Pembangunan Antar Kabupaten/Kota di Provinsi Kalimantan Selatan Tahun 2010-2017. Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pembangunan, 19(1), 1–6. DOI: https://doi.org/10.20961/jiep.v19i1.25510.

Mauliddiyah, A. (2014). Analisis Disparitas Regional dan Pertumbuhan Ekonomi (Studi Kasus di Kota Batu Tahun 2002-2012). Jurnai Ekonomi Studi Pembangunan, 6(2), 156–163. http://journal.um.ac.id/index.php/jesp/article/download/5108/1839.

Mopangga, H. (2011). Analisis Ketimpangan Pembangunan dan Pertumbuhan Ekonomi di Provinsi Gorontalo. Trikonomika, 10(1), 40–51.

Mukhlis, M. (2020). Agglomeration of Manufacturing Industrial, Economic Growth, And Interregional Inequality in South Sumatra, Indonesia. SSRN Electronic Journal, 7(4), 214–224. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3626058

Nurhuda, R. (2013). Analisis Ketimpangan Pembangunan (Studi Di Provinsi Jawa Timur Tahun 2005-20011. Jurnal Administrasi Publik, 1(4), 110–119.

Saputri, I., & Boedirochminarni, A. (2018). Analisis Sektor Ekonomi Unggulan Pada Kabupaten/Kota di Provinsi Sumatera Selatan. Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi, 2(2),217–229. https://doi.org/10.22219/jie.v5i3.

Sarnowo, H. (2017). Klasifikasi Wilayah Provinsi di Indonesia dengan Pendekatan Tipologi Klassen. Efektif Jurnal Ekonomi dan Bisnis, 7(1), 45–57.

Soebagyo, D., Fahmy-Abdullah, M., Sieng, L. W., & Panjawa, J. L. (2019). Income inequality and convergence in Central Java under regional autonomy. International Journal of Economics and Management, 13(1), 203–215.

Subagyo & Djarwanto. (2005). Statistika Induktif. Yogyakarta: BPFE Yogyakarta.

Sukwika, T. (2018). Peran Pembangunan Infrastruktur terhadap Ketimpangan Ekonomi antar wilayah di Indonesia. Jurnal Wilayah dan Lingkungan, 6(2), 115. https://doi.org/10.14710/jwl.6.2.115-130.

Suparmono, S., & Partina, A. (2021). Forecasting the Inequality of Income Distribution in Consequence of the Covid-19 Pandemic. Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, 19(1), 27–38. https://doi.org/10.29259/jep.v19i1.13187.

Tabetando, R. (2014). Globalization and Expenditure Inequality in Indonesia : A panel data Approach. International Journal of Development Research, 4(12), 2816–2820. https://doi.org/10.37118.

Yuliani, T. (2015). Pertumbuhan Ekonomi dan Ketimpangan Pendapatan antar Kabupaten Di Kalimantan Timur. Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan, 8(1), 45-53. https://doi.org/10.15294/jejak.v8i1.3854.

Tadjoeddin, M. Z. (2013). Miracle that never was: disaggregated level of inequality in Indonesia. International Journal of Development Issues, 12(1), 22–35. https://doi.org/10.1108/14468951311322091.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.29259/jep.v19i2.15221

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan
Jalan Raya Palembang-Prabumulih Km. 32
Jurusan Ekonomi Pembangunan, Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Sriwijaya
Indralaya, Sumatera Selatan, Indonesia
Email: jep.unsri@gmail.com, Tel/Fax : (0711)580231


p-ISSN: 1829-5843, e-ISSN 2685-0788


Creative Commons License

Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan by http://ejournal.unsri.ac.id/index.php/jep 

is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.  

Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan is Indexed by:

   

Logo Google Scholar Unsri Moraref One Search