Riyan Pratama, Bayu Hardiyono, Ahmad Muchlisin Natas Pasaribu


Abstract. This study aims to determine the effect of self-talk and Imagery relaxation exercises on the concentration and accuracy of 3point shoot in basketball. The method used in this study was an experimental design with two groups pretest-posttest design. The subjects in this study were 12 young basketball athletes with 6 male and 6 female with purposive sampling, who were divided into two groups of experimental groups with match subject ordinal pairing (MSOP) based on the ranking of tembakan 3 angka accuracy. The instrument used is a modification of the AAHPRED basketball skill test speed spot shoot (3 point accuracy shot) and concentration grid. The data analysis technique used is  paired t test with significance level ? = 0.05. The results of this study showed (1) there is  a significant difference in the effect of exercise between self talk and Imagery relaxation exercises on concentration with each having an increase of 27.71% (self talk) and 10.97% (imagery relaxation), (2) there os significant differences  effect between self-talk and Imagery relaxation exercises in increase of  the accuracy of  tembakan 3 angka with each increase 38.61% (self talk) and 20.88% (imagery relaxation). Exercise using self talk has better benefits in increasing concentration and accuracy of tembakan 3 angka accuracy.

Keyword :Self talk, imagery relaxation, concentration, tembakan 3 angka

Full Text:



American Sport Education Program, & Showalter, D. (2012). Coaching youth bask etball (5th ed). Champaign: Human Kinetics.

Ardigò, L. P., Kuvacic, G., Iacono, A. D., Dascanio, G., & Padulo, J. (2018). Effect of heart rate on basketball three-point shot accuracy. Frontiers in Physiology, 9(FEB).

Bali, A. (2015). Psychological Factors Affecting Sports Performance. International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health, 1(6), 92–95.

Burton, D., & Raedeke, T. D. (2008). Sport Psychology for Coaches. Champaign: Human Kinetics.

Csataljay, G., James, N., Hughes, M., & Dancs, H. (2013). Effects of defensive pressure on basketball shooting performance. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 13(3), 594–601.

Cumming, J., & Ramsey, R. (2009). Imagery Intervention in Sport. Advances in Applied Sport Psychology: A Review, (July), 4–36.

Donovan, M. (2013). 101 Youth Basketball Drills. In Statistical Field Theor. London: Bloomsbury Publishing Plc This.

Funatsu, Y. (2018). Usage of Self-Talk in Competition by Athletes. Global Journal of Human-Social Science: A Arts & Humanities - Psychology, 18(1), 1–6.

Gandolfi, G. (2009). NBA coaches playbook : techniques, tactics, and teaching points (G. Gandolfi, ed.). Champaign: Human Kinetics.

Ibáñez, S. J., Feu, S., García, J., Parejo, I., & Cañadas, M. (2009). Shot differences between professional (ACB) and amateur (EBA) basketball teams. Multifactorial study. Revista de Psicologia Del Deporte, 18(SUPPL.), 313–317.

McCarthy, P., & Allen, M. (2014). Psychology Express: Sport Psychology (Undergraduate Revision Guide). Harlow: Pearson Education Limited.

Moran, A. (2004). Sport and Exercise Psychology: A Critical Introduction. London: Routledge.

Ortega, E., Cárdenas, D., Sainz de Baranda, P., & Palao, J. . (2006). 6 Years Old). International Journal of Applied Sports Sciences, 18(2), 14.

Pakulanon, S. (2016). the Effective Imagery Use for. Journal of Sports Science and Health, 17(1), 1–11.

Paye, B., & Paye, P. (2013). Youth Basketball Drills. Champaign: Human Kinetics.

Pratama, R. (2017). The Effect Of Block Practice, Serial Practice And Random Practice To Improve Basketball Fundamental Skill For Beginner. The 1st Yogyakarta International Seminar on Health, Physical Education and Sports Science, (October 2017).

Raiola, G., & D’isanto, T. (2016). Descriptive shot analysis in basketball. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 11(Proc1), S259–S266.

Short, S. E., Tenute, A., & Feltz, D. L. (2005). Imagery use in sport: Mediational effects for efficacy. Journal of Sports Sciences, 23(9), 951–960.

Strand, B. N., & Wilson, R. (1993). Assessing Sport Skills. Champaign: Human Kinetics.

Theodorakis, Y., Chroni, S., Laparidis, K., Bebetsos, V., & Douna, I. (2001). Self-Talk in a Basketball-Shooting Task. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 92(1), 309.

Weinberg, R. S., & Gould, D. (2011). Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology (5th ed.). Champaign: Human Kinetics.

Wissel, H. (2012). Steps to success Basketball. Champaign: Human Kinetics.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Altius: Jurnal Ilmu Olahraga dan Kesehatan



Office :

Kantor Program Studi Pendidikan Jasmani dan Kesehatan
Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan
Universitas Sriwijaya
Jl. Raya Palembang-Prabumulih KM 32, Indralaya, Ogan Ilir, Sumatera Selatan 30862
WhatsApp Only: +62 896-6891-9112

Creative Commons License
Altius: Jurnal Ilmu Olahraga dan Kesehatan is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License