Improving Reading and Writing Achievements through Whole Language Approach

Binti Koniaturrohmah


Abstract: The main purpose of this study was to find out whether or not whole language ap- proach could make a difference in improving both students’ reading and writing achievements. The research was conducted in terms of reading and writing intervention for about two months or 24 meetings including pre and post-tests. The tests were reading comprehension and writ- ing. The findings showed that (1) there was a significant progress within each group in both reading and writing. (2) there was also significant mean difference between the experimental and control groups with the contribution of the Whole Language Approach to students’ reading comprehension by 99.2% and to writing achievements by 87.2%.

Keywords: whole language approach, reading achievement and writing achievement.

Abstrak: Tujuan utama dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui apakah pendekatan whole language dapat membuat suatu perbedaan dalam meningkatkan prestasi siswa dalam membaca dan menulis. Penelitian ini dilakukan dalam hal intervensi membaca dan menulis selama se- kitar dua bulan atau 24 pertemuan termasuk tes awal dan tes akhir. Tesnya adalah pemahaman membaca dan menulis. Hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa (1) ada kemajuan yang signifikan dalam masing-masing kelompok dalam membaca dan menulis. (2) ada juga perbedaan rata-rata yang signifikan antara kelompok eksperimen dan kontrol dengan kontribusi dari Pendekatan Whole Language untuk prestasi siswa dalam pemahaman membaca sebesar 99,2% dan menulis sebe- sar 87,2%.

Kata-kata kunci: pendekatan whole language, prestasi membaca dan menulis

Full Text:



Alwasilah, C. (2001). Develeping theories of teaching academic indonesiam to non language major: ways of collecting and analyzing data. (Online). Retrieved from MO5/session2/72.A%20%Chaedar%20 Alwasilah.pdf. Retrieved on September 3, 2010.

Baker, T. (2008). Applying reading research to the development of an integrated lesson plan. English Teaching Forum, 46(1), 22-29.

Cahyono, S. (2006). Using a process genre approach to develop writing skills of the students of SMA negeri 10 Palembang. (Graduate Thesis, Sriwijaya University, Palembang, Indonesia).

Camacho, G.Z. (2005). Literacy memoirs involving students in meaningful writing.

English Teaching Forum, 43(3), 28-35.

Cresswell, J.W. (2005). Educational re- search: Planning, conducting, and eval- uating quantitative and qualitative re- search, (2nd ed.). Upper Saddle River, OH: Pearson Merrill Prentice Hall.

Cooper, D. J. (1997). What is literature-based instruction? (Online). Retrieved from htm. Retrieved on January 14, 2011.

de Debat, E.V.(2006). Applying current ap- proaches to the teaching of reading. Eng- lish Teaching Forum, 44(1), 8-15.

Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. (2006). Kurikulum tingkat satuan pendidikan: KTSP. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidkan Nasional.

Gebhard, G. J. (2000). Teaching English as a foreign language or second language: a self-development and methodology guide. Ann Arbor, MI: The University of Michi- gan Press.

Geske, A., & Ozola, A. (2008). Factors influ- encing reading literacy at primary school level. Problems of education in the 21st century, 6, 71-77.

Grabe, W. & Stoller, F. (2002). Teaching and researching reading. Longman: Edin- burgh gate Pearson Education Limited.

Hairstone, M. (1986). Contemporary compo- sition, (4th ed.). Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Company.

Harris, A. (2007). The importance of read- ing. Retrieved from http://ezinearti- ing&id=404734. Retrieved on December 29, 2010.

Hedge, T. (1992). Process of writing. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Massi, M. P. (2001). Interactive writing in the EFL class: A repertoire of tasks. Retrieved from the internet TESL Journal, 7(6), June 2001. Retrieved from http://iteslj. org/. On Dec, 2010.

National Commission on Writing. (2003). The neglected “R”: The need for a writ- ing revolutio: College entrance exami- nation board. (Online). Retrieved from Documents/neglectedr.pdf. on February, 11 2011.

Plummer, P. (1993). Whole language in the middle and secondary school: Whole lan- guage is not just reading!. (Online). Re- trieved from files/jae/en/jae199355052804.pdf. on Oc- tober 29, 2010.

Richards. J. C., & Rodgers, T. S. (2006). Ap- proaches and methods in language teach- ing, (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

Rublee, M.R. (2007). Teaching analyti- cal writing through rubrics. (Online). Retrieved from documents/TeachingAnalyticalWri- tingthroughRubrics. pdf. on January 21st, 2011.

Taylor, G. R., Strokes, S., & Gilley, R.H. (1992). The whole language approach: panacea or myth. (Online). Retrieved from ED364828.pdf. Retrieved on October7, 2010.


  • There are currently no refbacks.