STUDENTS’ COGNITIVE PROCESSES IN SOLVING PROBLEM RELATED TO THE CONCEPT OF AREA CONSERVATION

Rooselyna Ekawati, Ahmad Wachidul Kohar, Elly Matul Imah, Siti Maghfirotun Amin, Shofan Fiangga

Abstract


This study aimed to determine the cognitive process employed in problem-solving related to the concept of area conservation for seventh graders. Two students with different mathematical ability were chosen to be the subjects of this research. Each of them was the representative of high achievers and low achievers based on a set of area conservation test. Results indicate that both samples performed more cyclic processes on formulating solution planning, regulating solution part and detecting and correcting error during the problem-solving. However, it was found that the high achiever student performed some processes than those of low achiever. Also, while the high achiever student did not predict any outcomes of his formulated strategies, the low achiever did not carry out the thought process after detecting errors of the initial solution gained. About the concept of area conservation, the finding also reveals that within the samples’ cognitive processes, the use of area formula come first before students decided to look for another strategy such as doing ‘cut-rotate-paste’ for the curved planes, which do not have any direct formula. The possible causes of the results were discussed to derive some recommendation for future studies.

Keywords


Students’ cognitive processes; Area conservation; Problem-solving

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22342/jme.10.1.6339.21-36

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