Developing the Sixth Level of PISA-Like Mathematics Problems for Secondary School Students

Kamaliyah Kamaliyah, Zulkardi Zulkardi, Darmawijoyo Darmawijoyo


Indonesia's involvement  in the Programme  for  International  Student Assessment  (PISA)  is one attempt  to  see how far the development of educational programs in our country compared to other countries in the world. PISA results show that Indonesia is still at the lower level. This means  that the ability of  Indonesian  students  in solving problems  that require  the ability  to review,  giving  reasons  and communicating effectively,  and  solve and  interpret  problems in various  situations  is still lacking. This may be due to government policy  in the presence of the National Examination  (UN)  in which  the spread  of  the  UN’s questions are still at the lower levels of cognitive aspects that are not in line with government regulations on  curriculum  which suggests  that the fulfillment of cognitive aspects as one of the  important aspects of education.  To that end,  researcher  conducted a study  that aims  to produce  valid and practical  the sixth level of PISA-like mathematics problems  for middle school students.  This study  is the  development research  formative  evaluation  type.  The research subjects  are ninth grade  students SMP Negeri 1 Palembang. Data collection techniques used are walk  through, documentation,  interviews, and  tests. From the analysis  it can be concluded  that this research  has resulted  a  product the sixth level of PISA-like mathematics problems.  At the stage of expert  review,  an  expert  and  two  colleagues  evaluated  the problems from different aspects. Trying out at one-to-one and  small group was
performed on  students with  different mathematical  abilities.  Then at the field test stage, 26 students in one class answered the questions that were developed.

Keywords: development research, PISA questions, development the  sixth level of PISA-like mathematics problems




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