Imroatun Nafi'ah, Susilo Susilo, Desy Rusmawaty


This study is intended to investigate how EFL secondary students’ reading comprehension can be enhanced through the SQ4R method. The design of this study was classroom action research which involved 31 students from class IX-A of one secondary school in Samarinda, Indonesia. Two instruments were used in this study, i.e., an observation sheet and a reading test. The observation data were qualitatively analyzed using the provided checklist, while the data from reading test was quantitatively analyzed by having percentage analysis and categorizing the results into score levels. The results revealed that the implementation of the SQ4R method could enhance the students’ reading comprehension achievement. Quantitatively, 18 students (58%) out of 31 passed the KKM (minimum completeness criteria) in cycle 1; meanwhile, in cycle 2, 27 students (87%) out of 31 students passed the KKM. In addition, problems faced by the collaborator-teacher can be solved by the dynamics happening in the two cycles, which results in the betterment of the teaching and learning process using the SQ4R method. The reflection from the two cycles showed that SQ4R can improve EFL students' reading comprehension. As the method's impacts develop, teaching and learning quality changes.


Reading comprehension; secondary school EFL learners; SQ4R Method

Full Text:



Adedigba, O., & Sulaiman, F. R. (2020). Influence of teachers’ classroom management style on pupils’ motivation for learning and academic achievement in Kwara State. International Journal of Educational Methodology, 6(2), 471-480. https://doi.org/10.12973/ijem.6.2.471

Alhmadi, N. S. (2014). English speaking learning barriers in Saudi Arabia: A case study of Tibah University. Arab World English Journal, 5(2), 38–53. https://awej.org/index.php/volume-5-2014/49-2014-06-25-04-23-28/482-nesreen-saud-alhmadi

Alrabai, F. (2015). The influence of teachers’ anxiety-reducing strategies on learners’ foreign language anxiety. Innovation in Language Learning and Teaching, 9(2), 163–190.

Alzu’bi, M. (2020). Nethe effect of the use of SQ4R strategy on freshmen students’ reading comprehension in Al-Balqa Applied University. Jordan Journal of

Modern Languages and Literatures, 12(4), 531–545. https://doi.org/10.47012/jjmll.12.4.7

Ba?ar, M., & Gürbüz, M. (2017). Effect of the SQ4R technique on the reading comprehension of elementary school 4th grade elementary school students.

International Journal of Instruction, 10(2), 131–144. https://doi.org/10.12973/iji.2017.1029a

Endris, A. A. (2018). Effects of extensive reading on EFL learners’ reading comprehension and attitudes. International Journal of Research in English Education, 3(4), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.29252/ijree.3.4.1

Erfanpour, M. A. (2013). The effect of intensive and extensive reading strategies on reading comprehension: A Case of Iranian high school students. English for Specific Purposes World, 41(14), 1–21. https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/The-Effect-of-Intensive-and-Extensive-Reading-on-A-Erfanpour/c3dc07f617a147aa9f67ef34eab5f99c6aee0562?p2df

Firda, I. D. L., Widiati, U., Laksmi, E. D., & Hayati, N. (2018). Attitudes toward extensive reading among English teachers of senior high schools. Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan, 24(1), 1–9. http://journal2.um.ac.id/index.php/jip/article/view/5363

Ginting, D., Manik, S., Sinambela, E., & Pasaribu, A. N. (2021). The effect of using snowball throwing method and SQ4R method for students’ reading comprehension skill at SMA Negeri 1 Kuala Stabat. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute-Journal (BIRCI-Journal), 4(November), 10990–10997. https://doi.org/10.33258/birci.v4i4.3155

Goldhaber, D., Krieg, J. M., & Theobald, R. (2020). Exploring the impact of student teaching apprenticeships on student achievement and mentor teachers. Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 13(2), 213–234. https://doi.org/10.1080/19345747.2019.1698087

Herwanis, D., Zakaria, R., Renaldi, A., & Sari, I. (2021). The comparison between Sq5R and Fix–Up Strategy in reading comprehension for EFL secondary level learners. Journal of Languages and Language Teaching, 9(3), 336–343. https://doi.org/10.33394/jollt.v9i3.3845

Khusniyah, N. L. (2020). Teacher’s perception on SQ4R in English reading comprehension learning using Zoom application. VELES Voices of English Language Education Society, 4(2), 231–238. https://doi.org/10.29408/veles.v4i2.2554

Khusniyah, N. L., & Lustyantie, N. (2017). Improving English reading comprehension ability through Survey, Questions, Read, Record, Recite, Review Strategy (SQ4R). English Language Teaching, 10(12), 202. https://doi.org/10.5539/elt.v10n12p202

Lombu, M. P. D. J., Sari, A. S. P., & Prayuda, M. S. (2022). Improving students’ reading comprehension through Survey, Question, Read, Recite, Reflect, and Review (SQ4R) method to the eleventh grade students of SMA Negeri 1 Gunungsitoli Idanoi in the academic year of 2020/2021. Kairos English Language Teaching Journal, 5(3), 172–179. https://doi.org/10.54367/kairos.v5i3.1747

Manan, A. (2017). Teaching reading comprehension by using short stories. EEJ, 8(3), 404–423. https://repository.ar-raniry.ac.id/id/eprint/3168/

Megawati, & Fitriani, D. (2020). The effect of SQ4R technique on students’ reading comprehension. Yudika (Jurnal Pendidikan Unsika), 8(1), 1–9.

Mohamed Sayed Mohamed, S. (2020). The effect of SQ4R strategy on developing EFL reading comprehension skills among secondary school students in Quesna Formal Language School. Journal of Faculty of Education, 31(2), 33–52. https://doi.org/10.21608/jfeb.2020.173025

Mohammadpur, B., & Ghafournia, N. (2015). An elaboration on the effect of reading anxiety on reading achievement. English Language Teaching, 8(7), 206–215.

Moon, R. C., & Kwan, S. H. (2022). Improving Students’ Intensive Reading Ability by Using Survey-Question-Read-Review-Recite-Reflect Method. JELITA, 3(1), 12-21. Retrieved from https://jurnal.stkipmb.ac.id/index.php/jelita/article/view/95

Nadhira, S., & Warni, S. (2021). Students’ listening difficulties in English as a foreign language learning at secondary school in Indonesian context. Proceedings of the 1st Annual International Conference on Natural and Social Science Education (ICNSSE 2020), 547(Icnsse 2020), 186–193. https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.210430.029

Nurhidayat, N., & Suwandi, S. (2021). The effectiveness of Herringbone and SQ4R as techniques in teaching reading comprehension to students with visual and auditory learning styles. English Education Journal, 11(1), 56–70. https://doi.org/10.15294/eej.v11i1.41912

Pedler, M., Hudson, S., & Yeigh, T. (2020). The teachers’ role in student engagement: A review. Australian Journal of Teacher Education, 45(3), 48–62. https://doi.org/10.14221/ajte.2020v45n3.4

Rafada, S. H., & Madini, A. A. (2017). Major causes of Saudi learners’ speaking anxiety in EFL classrooms. International Journal of English Language Education, 5(1), 54–71.

Rafieyan, V., & Yamanashi, K. (2016). Discovering factors of foreign language speaking anxiety and coping strategies. Journal for the Study of English Linguistics, 4(1), 111–125.

Robbayani. (2021). Students’ difficulties in reading comprehension at the first grade of MAN 1 Sarolangun.

Rojabi, A. R. (2020). Exploiting SQ4R cooperative learning method to enhance EFL students’ reading comprehension. Edulingua: Jurnal Linguistiks Terapan Dan Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris, 7(1), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.34001/edulingua.v7i1.1160

Salameh, L. A. M. (2017). Investigating the effect of extensive reading on EFL learners’ reading attitudes at Hail University in KSA. Journal of Education and Practices, 8(8), 7–15. www.iiste.org

Satriani, E. (2019). Online reading resources among EFL (English Foreign Language) students: Do they promote reading habit? J-SHMIC (Journal of English For Academic), 6(1), 1–10. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.25299/jshmic.2019.vol6(1).2528

Shen, J., Wu, H., Reeves, P., Zheng, Y., Ryan, L., & Anderson, D. (2020). The association between teacher leadership and student achievement: A meta-analysis. Educational Research Review, 31, 100357.

Simbolon, N., Marbun, I., & Simanjuntak, E. B. (2020). Evaluating reading comprehension ability through the SQ4R model. Utopia y Praxis Latinoamericana, 25(Extra 6), 511–523. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3987673

Zaharah, Z. (2014). The effect of certification and competency towards teachers quality in MAN 3 High School Tangerang, Indonesia. American Journal of Educational Research, 2(5), 267–271. https://doi.org/10.12691/education-2-5-5

DOI: https://doi.org/10.36706/jele.v9i1.17029


  • There are currently no refbacks.

License URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/




EMAIL: jele@fkip.unsri.ac.id

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.