Irma Risdiyanti, Rully Charitas Indra Prahmana


In recent years, several researchers have tried to use stories and games as a starting point for learning mathematics. This is allegedly able to increase students' mathematical abilities and make learning mathematics more enjoyable. Therefore, this research is aimed to design a mathematics learning trajectory in pattern number using Barathayudha War Stories and Uno Stacko games as a starting point or context in the learning process with the Indonesian Realistic Mathematics Education (IRME) approach. The research method used is a design research that contains three stages, preliminary design, teaching experiment, and retrospective analysis. The result of this research is the learning trajectory design of number pattern learning using Barathayudha war stories and Uno Stacko. The design consists of four activities, which is a detective of Barathayudha war; rebuilt Abimayu fortress at the battlefield of Kurusetra; find the unique secret number code of Abimayu fortress; and built another fort using number pattern. The results showed Barathayudha war stories and Uno Stacko can stimulate students to understand their knowledge of pattern number concept which is the stages in the learning trajectory of student have an essential role in understanding the concept.


Learning Trajectory, Number Pattern, Barathayudha War Stories, Uno Stacko, Design Research

Full Text:



Arisetyawan, A., Suryadi, D., Herman, T., & Rahmat, C. (2014). Study of Ethnomathematics: A lesson from the Baduy Culture. International Journal of Education and Research, 2(10), 681-688.

Arsaythamby, V., & Zubainur, C. M. (2014). How a realistic mathematics educational approach affect students’ activities in primary schools?. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 159, 309-313.

Bakker, A. (2004). Design research in statistics education-On symbolizing and computer tools. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis. Utrecht: The Freudenthal Institute.

Freudenthal, H. (1991). Revisiting Mathematics Education: China Lectures. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Gravemeijer, K. (1994). Educational development and developmental research in mathematics education. Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 25(5), 443-471.

Gravemeijer, K., & Cobb, P. (2006). Design research from a learning design perspective. In J. van den Akker, K. Gravemeijer, S. McKenney & N. Nieveen (Eds.), Educational Design Research (pp. 17-51). London: Routledge.

Grigoryan, L. K., Lebedeva, N., & Breugelmans, S. M. (2018). A cross-cultural study of the mediating role of implicit theories of innovativeness in the relationship between values and attitudes toward innovation. Journal of cross-cultural psychology, 49(2), 336-352.

Hatley, B. (2005). Theater, politics, and Javanese “Tradition”: Yogyakarta’s Sultan onstage. In H. Antl?v and J. Hellman (Eds.), The Java that Never Was: Academic Theories and Political Practices (pp. 67-96). M?nster: Die Deutsche Bibliothek.

Irawan, A., & Kencanawaty, G. (2017). Implementation of Realistic Mathematics-based Etnomathematics Learning [in Bahasa]. Journal of Medives, 1(2), 74-81.

Jaelani, A., Putri, R. I. I., & Hartono, Y. (2013). Students’ strategies of measuring time using traditional gasing game in third grade of primary school. Journal on Mathematics Education, 4(1), 29-40.

Kamaliyah, Zulkardi, & Darmawijoyo. (2013). Developing the sixth level of PISA-like mathematics problems for secondary school students. Journal on Mathematics Education, 4(1), 9-28.

Lestariningsih, Putri, R. I. I., & Darmawijoyo. (2012). The legend of Kemaro Island for supporting students in learning average. Journal on Mathematics Education, 3(2), 165-174.

Muhtadi, D., Sukirwan, Warsito, & Prahmana, R.C.I. (2017). Sundanese ethnomathematics: mathematical activities in estimating, measuring, and making patterns. Journal on Mathematics Education, 8(2), 185-198.

Nasrullah & Zulkardi. (2011). Building Counting by Traditional Game a Mathematics Program for Young Children. Journal on Mathematics Education 2(1), 41-54.

Nurhasanah, F., Kusumah, Y. S., & Sabandar, J. (2017). Concept of triangle: Examples of mathematical abstraction in two different contexts. International Journal on Emerging Mathematics Education, 1(1), 53-70.

Prahmana, R. C. I. (2017). Design Research (Theory and its implementation: An Introduction) [in Bahasa]. Jakarta: Rajawali Pers.

Prahmana, R. C. I., Zulkardi, & Hartono, Y. (2012). Learning multiplication using Indonesian traditional game in third grade. Journal on Mathematics Education, 3(2), 115-132.

Priyatni, E. T. (2016). Contradictory transformation of Amba novel: Critical response with intertextuality approach. Journal of Nusantara Studies, 1(1), 46-59.

Radovic, D., Black, L., Williams, J., & Salas, C. E. (2018). Towards conceptual coherence in the research on mathematics learner identity: a systematic review of the literature. Educational Studies in Mathematics, 99(1), 21-42.

Revina, S. (2018). Influence of culture on the adaptation of realistic mathematics education in Indonesia. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis. Hongkong: The University of Hong Kong.

Revina, S., & Leung, F. K. S. (2019). How the same flowers grow in different Soils? The implementation of realistic mathematics education in Utrecht and Jakarta classrooms. International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 17(3), 565-589.

Risdiyanti, I., & Prahmana, R. C. I. (2018). Etnomathematics: Exploration of Javaness traditional games. Journal of Medives, 2(1), 1-11.

Risdiyanti, I., Prahmana, R. C. I., & Shahrill, M. (2019). The learning trajectory of social arithmetic using an Indonesian traditional game. Elementary Education Online, 18(4), 2094-2108.

Sembiring, R. K., Hadi, S., & Dolk, M. (2008). Reforming mathematics learning in Indonesian classrooms through RME. ZDM-Journal on Mathematics Education, 40(6), 927-939.

Sembiring, R. K., Hoogland, K., & Dolk, M. (2010). A Decade of PMRI in Indonesia. Utrecht: APS International.

Simonson. (2006). Design-based research: Applications for distance education. Quarterly Review of Distance Education, 7(1), vii-viii.

Soedjadi, R. (2007). Dasar-dasar pendidikan matematika realistik Indonesia. Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika, 1(2), 1-10.

Stacey, K. (2011). The PISA view of mathematical literacy in Indonesia. Journal on Mathematics Education, 2(2), 95-126.

Subijanto. (2015). The policy of local excellence-based education programs in state senior high school 2 Pekalongan [in Bahasa]. Jurnal Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, 21(2),115-134.

Suparjo. (2011). On land (wealth) distribution: A cultural approach to justice in Indonesia. Indonesia Law Review, 1(3), 334-347.

Susetya, W. (2007). Bharatayuda: Teaching, symbols, philosophies and their meanings for daily life [in Bahasa]. Yogyakarta: Kreasi Wacana.

Tanujaya, B., Prahmana, R. C. I, & Mumu, J. (2017). Mathematics instruction, problems, challenges, and opportunities: A case study in Manokwari Regency, Indonesia. World Transactions on Engineering and Technology Education, 15(3), 287-291.

Triyani, S., Putri, R. I. I., & Darmawijoyo. (2012). Supporting student's ability in understanding least common multiple (LCM) concept using storytelling. Journal on Mathematics Education, 3(2), 151-164.

Uge, S., Neolaka, A., & Yasin, M. (2019). Development of social studies learning model based on local wisdom in improving students' knowledge and social attitude. International Journal of Instruction, 12(3), 375-388. .

Wahyudi, T., Zulkardi, & Darmawijoyo. (2016). Developing of TIMSS type reasoning questions using the Lampung cultural context [in Bahasa]. Jurnal Didaktik Matematika, 3(1), 1-14.

Wijaya, A. (2008). Design research in mathematics education: Indonesian traditional games as means to support second graders’ learning of linear measurement. Thesis. Utrecht: Utrecht University.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Journal on Mathematics Education
Doctoral Program on Mathematics Education
Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Sriwijaya
Kampus FKIP Bukit Besar
Jl. Srijaya Negara, Bukit Besar
Palembang - 30139

p-ISSN: 2087-8885 | e-ISSN: 2407-0610
Journal on Mathematics Education is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

View My Stats