Poppy Trianti Rahayu, Ratu Ilma Indra Putri


Mathematics learning is associated with 21st-century skills such as communication, collaboration, critical thinking in problem-solving, creativity, and innovation. To help students obtain these skills, a learning project was developed through Pendidikan Matematika Realistik Indonesia (PMRI) approach by using fruit salad recipes and collaborative learning based on the Lesson Study for Learning Community (LSLC) system. The primary purpose of this study was to develop fruit salad recipes to assist junior high school students in solving problems using mean, social arithmetic, and data presentation. It employed design research type validation studies using photos, fruit salad products, and document reviews as data collection techniques. The research subjects were 27 students of grade 8 from a junior high school in Palembang. This study resulted in a learning trajectory consisting of two activities and post-test questions. In the first activity, the students can analyze and solve problems in planning fruit salad recipes with material averaging, social arithmetic, and data presentation. In the second activity, the students can make fruit salads and write recipes based on skills to make fruit salad products. The results of this study demonstrate that in project-based learning through PMRI with the context of fruit salad recipes and the LSLC system, students can learn collaboratively. The learning helps them solve problems by using average material, social arithmetic, and data presentation in developing fruit salad recipes.


Fruit Salad’s Recipes; Project-based Learning; LSLC; Design Research

Full Text:



Adams, S. (2014). The 10 skills employers most want in 2015 graduates.

Akbar, D. M., & Aidha, Z. (2020). The behavior of implementing balanced nutrition in the city of binjai during the Covid-19 pandemic in 2020 [In Bahasa]. Jurnal Menara Medika, 3(1), 15-21.

Akker, J.V.D., Gravemeijer, K., McKenney, S., & Nieveen, N. (2006). Education Design Research. London: Routledge Taylor and Francis Group.

Amalia, L., Irwan., & Hiola, F. (2020). Analysis of clinical symptoms and immune enhancement to prevent Covid-19 disease [In Bahasa]. Jambura Journal of Health Science and Research, 2(2), 71-76.

Binkley, M., Erstad, O., Herman, J., Raizen, S., Ripley, M., Ricci, M. M., & Rumble, M. (2012). Defining Twenty-First Century Skills. London: Springer.

Birgili, B. (2015). Creative and critical thinking skills in problem-based learning environments. Journal of Gifted Education and Creativity, 2(2), 71-80.

Brown, A. L., & Campione, J. C. (1996). Psychological theory and the design of innovative learning environments: On procedures, principles, and systems. In L. Schauble & R. Glaser (Eds.), Innovation in learning: New environments for education, 289-335. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Buck Institute for Education (BIE). (1999). Project-Based Learning.

Chandrasekaran, S, A Stojcevski, G Littlefair, & M Joordens. (2012). Learning through projects in engineering education. In SEFI 2012: Engineering Education 2020: Meet the Future: Proceedings of the 40th SEFI Annual Conference 2012, European Society for Engineering Education (SEFI), Brussels, Belgium.

Chong, M. S. F., Shahrill, M., Putri, R. I. I., & Zulkardi. (2018). Teaching problem solving using non-routine tasks. AIP Conference Proceedings, 1952, 020020.

Curtis, D. (2002). The power of project. Educational Leadership, 60(1), 50-53.

Darra, M., & Kanellopoulou, E. M. (2019). The implementation of the lesson study in basic teacher education. A research Review Higher Education Studies, 9(3), 65-78.

Eickholt, J., Jogiparti, V., Seeling, P., Hinton, Q., & Johnson, M. (2019). Supporting project-based learning through economical and flexible learning spaces. Journal Education Sciences, 9(3). 1-14.

Fisher, D., Kusumah, Y. S., & Dahlan, J. A. (2020). Project-based learning in mathematics: A literatur review. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1657(2), 012032.

Geier, R., Blumenfeld, P. C., Marx R. W., Karjcik, J. S., Fishman, B., & Soloway, E. (2008). Standardized test outcomes for students engaged in inquiry-based science curriculum in on text of urban reform. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 45(8), 922-939.

Grossman, P., Dean, C. G. P., Kavanagh, S. & S., Herman, Z. (2019). Preparing teacher for project-based learning. Journal Sagepub, 100(7), 43-48.

Gravemeijer, K. (2004). Local instructional theories as means of support for teacher in reform mathematics education. Mathematical Thinking and Learning, 6(2), 105-128.

Fauziah, A., Putri, R. I. I., Zulkardi, & Somakim. (2017). Primary school student teachers perception to Pendidikan Matematika Realistik Indonesia (PMRI) instruction. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 943(1), 012044.

Fauziah, A., Putri R.I.I., Zulkardi, & Somakim. (2019). The Roster context in angle learning for primary school preservice Teacher. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1188(1), 012058.

Harahap, B., & Negoro, ST. (2017). Encyclopedia of Mathematics ed. 3 [in bahasa]. Bogor: Ghalia Indonesia.

Haris, D., & Putri, R.I.I., (2011). The role of context in third grader’s learning of area measurement. Journal Mathematics Education, 2(1), 55-66.

Hasan, M. I. (2016). Fundamentals of Statistics Material. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.

Iwamoto, D. H., Hargis, J., & Vuong, K. (2016) The effect of Project-Based Learning on student performance: An action research study. International Journal for the Scholarship of Technology Enhanced Learning, 1(1), 24-42.

Karo, M. B. (2020). Healthy and clean lifestyle (PHBS), a strategy to prevent the spread of thevirus Covid-19. [In Bahasa]. Prosidir Seminar Nasional HARDIKNAS, 1-4.

Kurniawan, R., Putri, R. I. I., & Suniyarti. (2020). Mathematical Problem Solving for Class VIII Students Using PMRI through LSLC on Gradient Material [In Bahasa]. Jurnal Elemen, 6(2). 346-356.

Kokotsaki, D., Menzies, V., & Wiggins, A. (2016). Project-based learning: A review of the literature. Improving Schools, 19(3), 267-277.

Masaaki, S. (2012). Dialogue and collaboration in junior high schools. practice "learning community" third edition [In Bahasa]. Jakarta: Pelita.

Mahanal, S., Darmawan, E., Corebima, A. D., & Zubaidah, S. (2010). The influence of project based learning (PjBL) learning on materials ecosystem on attitudes and learning outcomes of students at senior high school number 2 malang [in bahasa]. Bioedukasi, 1(1).

Meitrilova, A., & Putri, R. I. I. (2020). Learning materials through saving water. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1657(1), 012055.

Meyer, K. (2016). Students’ perceptions of life skill development in project-based learning schools. Journal of Educational Issues, 2(1). 91-114.

Muwahiddah, U., Asikin, M., & Mariani, S. (2018). Ethnomathematic based project based learning assisted with augmented reality to improve the ability to solve geometric problems. Seminar Nasional Pendidikan Matematika Ahmad Dahlan 2018, 157-164. Yogyakarta: Ahmad Dahlan University.

Nasution, M. F., Putri, R. I. I., & Zulkardi. (2018). Rowing sport in learning fractions of the fourth-grade students. Journal on Mathematics Education, 9(1), 69-80.

Nursyahidah, F., Putri, R. I. I., & Somakim. (2013). Supporting first grade students’ understanding of addition up to 20 using traditional game. Journal on Mathematics Education, 4(2), 212-223.

Octriana, I., Putri, R. I. I., & Nurjannah. (2019). Students' mathematical reasoning in learning number patterns using PMRI and LSLC [In Bahasa]. Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika, 13(2), 131-142.

Paramitha, N. (2017). Analysis of creative thinking process in solving mathematical problems in high able junior high school students' social arithmetic materials [in bahasa]. Journal of Educational Partners, 1(10), 983-994.

Prahmana, R.C.I. (2017). Design Research (Teori dan Implementasinya: Suatu Pengantar) [Design Research (Theory and Its Implementation: An Introduction)]. Depok: Rajawali Pers.

Pratama, H., & Prastyaningrum, I. (2016). Effect of project-based learning with Microhydro power plants media on critical thinking skills. Jurnal Penelitian Fisika dan Aplikasinya, 6(2), 44-50.

Putri, R. I. I., Dolk, M., & Zulkardi. (2015). Professional development of PMRI teachers for introducing social norms. Journal on Mathematics Education, 6(1), 11-19.

Putri, R. I. I., Gunawan, M. S., & Zulkardi. (2017). Addition of fraction in swimming context. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 943(1), 012035.

Putri, R. I. I., & Zulkardi. (2018). Higher-order thinking skill problem on data representation in primary school: A case study. Journal Physics: Conference Series, 948(1), 012056.

Rafianti, I., Anriani, N., & Iskandar, K., (2018). Development of mathematics learning tools to support 21st century skills [In Bahasa]. Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika KALAMATIKA, 3(1), 123-128.

Rahmanti, S. A., Hobri., & Oktavianingtyas, E. (2018). Analysis of the ability of mathematical connections on the subject of statistics based on the lesson study for learning community. Kadikma, 9(1), 41-51.

Repko, A., R. Szostak, & M. Buchberger. (2017). Introduction to Interdisciplinary Studies. Los Angeles: Sage

Risdiyanti, I., Prahmana, R.C.I., & Shahrill, M. (2019). The learning trajectory of social arithmetic using an Indonesian traditional game. Elementary Education Online, 18(4), 2094-2108.

Rusiyanti, R. H., Zulkari, Z., & Putri, R. I. I. (2020). The 3P model with lesson study for learning community (LSLC) in the professional development of mathematics teachers on three-dimensional shape material. Journal Physics: Conference Series, 1663(1), 012026.

Sari, E. M., & Putri, R. I. I. (2021). Development of worksheets based project using the lesson study. Infinity, 10(1), 41-52.

Scardamalia, M., & Bereiter, C. (1991). Higher levels of agency for children in knowledge building: A challenge for the design of new knowledge media. Journal of the Learning Scineces, 1(1). 37-68.

Sugiyarti, L., Arif, A., & Mursalin. (2018). 21st century learning in at Elementary School [In Bahasa]. Prosiding Seminar dan Diskusi Nasional Pendidikan Dasar 2018.

Sulistyaningsih, Sulam, K., Syakur, A., & Musyarofah, L. (2019). The implementation of 21st century skills as the new learning paradigm to the result of student’s career and life skills. Journal Magister Scientiae, 46, 228-237.

Sumarni, W. (2015). The strengths and weaknesses of the implementation of project based learning: a review. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), 4(3), 478-484.

Suryandari, K. C., Sajidan, Rahardjo, S. B., Prasetyo, Z. K., & Fatimah, S. (2018). Project-based science learning and pre-Service teachers’ science literacy skill and creative thinking. Jurnal Cakrawala Pendidikan, 37(3), 345-355.

Thomas, J. (2000). A review of research on project-based learning.

Ummah, S. K., In’am, A., & Azmi, R. D. (2019). Creating Manipulatives: Improving Students’ Creativity Through Project-Based Learning. Journal on Mathematics Education, 10(1), 96-102.

Wakhidah, N. (2012). Reading and writing skills to improve critical thinking and scientific literacy [In Bahasa]. Seminar Nasional Prodi Pendidikan Sains S1 Unesa Tahun 2012. pp 74 – 84. Surabaya: Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel.

Zulkardi. (2002). Developing a Learning Environment on Realistic Mathematics Education for Indonesian Student Teachers. Thesis. Enschede: Twente University



Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Journal on Mathematics Education
Doctoral Program on Mathematics Education
Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Sriwijaya
Kampus FKIP Bukit Besar
Jl. Srijaya Negara, Bukit Besar
Palembang - 30139

p-ISSN: 2087-8885 | e-ISSN: 2407-0610

Creative Commons License
Journal on Mathematics Education (JME) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

View My Stats