Rita Novita, Mulia Putra


Creativity is one of keys to success in the evolving global economy and also be a fundamental skill that is absolutely necessary in the 21st century. Also In mathematics, creativity or thinking creatively is important to be developed because creativity is an integral part of mathematics. However, limiting the use of creativity in the classroom reduces mathematics to a set of skills to master and rules to memorize. Doing so causes many children's natural curiosity and enthusiasm for mathematics to disappear as they get older, creating a tremendous problem for mathematics educators who are trying to instil these very qualities. In order to investigate the increase in awareness of elementary school students' creativity in solving mathematics' problems by using task like PISA's Question, a qualitative research emphasizing on holistic description was conducted. We used a formative evaluation type of development research as a mean to develop mathematical tasks like PISA's question that have potential effect to support students' creativity in mathematics. Ten elementary school students of grade 6 in Palembang were involved in this research. They judged the task given for them is very challenging and provokes their curiosity. The result showed that task like PISA's question can encourage students to more creatively in mathematics.

Key Words: PISA, Problem Solving, Creativity in Mathematics

Full Text:



Aisyah, N. (2007). Pengembangan Pembelajaran Matematika SD: Program Peningkatan Kualifikasi Akademik S1 PGSD Melalui Pendidikan Jarak Jauh (PJJ) Berbasis ICT. Jakarta: Direktorat Jenderal Tinggi Departemen Pendidikan Nasional.

Baroody, A.J. (1993). Problem solving, reasoning, and communicating, K-8 Helping hildren Think mathematically. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.

Brunkalla, K. (2009). How to increase mathematical creativity–an experiment. The Montana Mathematics Enthusiast, 6(1), 257-266.

Career Center Maine Department of Labor USA. (2004). Today’s Work Competence in Maine. [Online]. Available from: [Accessed 9 March 2014].

Cropley, A.J. (1997). More Ways than one: Fostering Creativity. Norwood: Ablex Publishing Corporation.

Fraenkel, J.R. & Wallen, N.E. (2010). How to design and evaluate research in education seventh edition. Singapore: McGraw-Hill.

Hayat, B. & Yusuf, S. (2010). Bencmark: Internasional Mutu Pendidikan. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.

Haylock, D. (1997). Recognizing mathematical creativity in school children. ZDM, 29(3), 68-74.

Meissner, H. (2003). Constructing mathematical concepts with calculators or computers. Proceedings of CERME 3: Third Conference of the European Society for Research in Mathematics Education, Bellaria, Italy.

Novita, R., Zulkardi, Hartono, Y. (2012). Exploring Primary Student’s Problem-Solving Ability by Doing Tasks like PISA’s Question. Journal on Mathematics Education, 3(2), 133-150.

OECD. (2003). The PISA 2003 Assessment Framework: Mathematics, Reading, Science and Problem Solving Knowledge and Skills. Paris: OECD.

---------. (2009). PISA 2009 Assessment Framework Key Competencies in Reading, Mathematics and Science. Available from: [Accessed 6 July 2011].

Piggott, J. (2007). Cultivating Creativity. Mathematics Teaching, 202, 3-7.

Silver, E.A. (1997). Fostering creativity through instruction rich in mathematical problem solving and problem posing. ZDM, 29(3), 75-80.

Tessmer, M. (1993). Planing and Conducting - Formative Evaluations. London: Kogan Page.

Treffinger, D., Young, G., Shelby, E., & Shepardson, C. (2002). Assessing Creativity: A Guide for Educators. Storrs: The National Research Center on the Gifted and Talented.

UK Essays. (2013). Mathematics is one of the most difficult subjects education essay. [Online]. Available from: [Accessed 12 February 2015].

Usman, S. (2007). Strategi pemecahan masalah dalam penyelesaian soal cerita disekolah dasar. Samudra Ilmu: Jurnal Pendidikan dan Informasi Ilmiah, 2(2), 341-351.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Journal on Mathematics Education
Doctoral Program on Mathematics Education
Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Sriwijaya
Kampus FKIP Bukit Besar
Jl. Srijaya Negara, Bukit Besar
Palembang - 30139

p-ISSN: 2087-8885 | e-ISSN: 2407-0610
Journal on Mathematics Education is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

View My Stats