Tika Septia, Rully Charitas Indra Prahmana, Pebrianto Pebrianto, Rahma Wahyu


Geometry flat side material is crucial subject for students in senior high school. As the development of technology that increases very rapidly, it provides a chance to develop Media Interactive Learning (MPI) such as Course Lab MPI 2.4. This study was conducted to create a valid interactive multimedia teaching material, practical, and effective. Since there are correlated between spatial reasoning and student learning achievements, the influence of Course lab on the improvement of spatial reasoning is also seen. Spatial reasoning has three aspects that are mental rotation, spatial orientation, and spatial visualization. This study is a development model consisting plomp as design composed of three phases. The results obtained through this research interactive multimedia teaching material course lab based on geometry flat side were valid, practical, and effective. Students’ test scores average changed at 25 with a standard deviation of 7.07. The test results statistically demonstrated the value which means there were some differences in the average score of the initial test and final test. Course lab also led to improving students’ spatial reasoning. The multimedia developed was effective in improving both student learning achievements and spatial reasoning.


Course Lab; Spatial Reasoning; Geometry

Full Text:



Bosco, A., Longoni, A. M., & Vecchi, T. (2004). Gender Effects in Spatial Orientation: Cognitive Profiles and Mental Strategies. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 18(5), 519-532.

Bustang, Zulkardi, Darmawijoyo, Dolk, M., & van Eerde, D. (2013). Developing A Local Instruction Theory for Learning The Concept of Angle Through Visual Field Activities And Spatial Representations. International Education Studies, 6(8), 58–70.

Cheng, Y. L., & Mix, K. S. (2014). Spatial Training Improves Children’s Mathematics Ability. Journal of Cognition and Development, 15(1), 2–11.

David, L. T. (2012). Training Effects on Mental Rotation, Spatial Orientation and Spatial Visualisation Depending on The Initial Level of Spatial Abilities. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 33, 328–332.

Hardman, D., & Macchi, L. (2003). Thinking: Psychological Perspectives on Reasoning. Judgment and Decision Making. New York: Wiley.

Hegarty, M., & Kozhevnikov, M. (1999). Types of Visual-Spatial Representations and Mathematical Problem Solving. Journal of Educational Psychology, 91(4), 684–689.

Hendroanto, A., van Galen, F., van Eerde, D., Prahmana, R. C. I., Setyawan, F., & Istiandaru, A. (2018). Photography activities for developing students’ spatial orientation and spatial visualization. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 943(1), 012029.

IEA. (2012). Timss 2011 International Results in Science. New Directions for Youth Development (Vol. 2012).

Linn, M. & Petersen, A. (1985). Emergence and Characterization of Sex Differences in Spatial Ability: A Meta Analysis. Child Development, 56(6), 1479–1498.

Lohman, D. F. (1994). Spatial Ability. Encyclopedia of Human Intelligence, 2, 1000–1007.

Lowrie, T., Logan, T., & Ramful, A. (2017). Visuospatial Training Improves Elementary Students’ Mathematics Performance. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 87(2), 170–186.

Maeda, Y., & Yoon, S. Y. (2013). A Meta-Analysis on Gender Differences in Mental Rotation Ability Measured by The Purdue Spatial Visualization Tests: Visualization Of Rotations (PSVT: R). Educational PsychologyReview, 25(1), 69-94.

Mayer, R. E., & Massa, L. J. (2003). Three Facets of Visual and Verbal Learners: Cognitive Ability, Cognitive Style, and Learning Preference. Journal of Educational Psychology, 95(4), 833.

Miles, M. B., & Huberman, A. M. (1992). Analisis data kualitatif. Jakarta: UI Press

Plomp, T. (2013). Educational design research: An introduction. Educational design research, 11-50.

Prahmana, R.C.I. (2017). Designing Mathematics Learning Trajectory: An Introduction. Riga: LAMBERT Academic Publishing.

Prahmana, R.C.I., Zulkardi, & Hartono, Y. (2012). Learning multiplication using indonesian traditional game in third grade. Journal on Mathematics Education, 3(2), 115-132.

Ramful, A., Lowrie, T., & Logan, T. (2017). Measurement of Spatial Ability: Construction and Validation of the Spatial Reasoning Instrument for Middle School Students. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 35(7), 709–727.

Revina, S., Zulkardi, Darmawijoyo, & van Galen, F. (2011). Spatial Visualization Tasks To Support Students’ Spatial Structuring In Learning Volume Measurement. Journal on Mathematics Education, 2(2), 127-146.

Santrock, J.W. (2011). Psikologi Pendidikan. Translated by Tri Wibowo B.S. Educational Psychology. (2004). Jakarta: Kencana.

Santyasa, I.W. (2009). Design Research Method and Module Development Theory. (Online), (, accessed on 23 November 2017.

Shanty, N. O., & Wijaya, S. (2012). Rectangular Array Model Supporting Students' Spatial Structuring in Learning Multiplication. Indonesian Mathematical Society Journal on Mathematics Education, 3(2), 175-186.

Sinclair, N., Bartollini Bussi, M. G., De Villers, M., Jones, K, Kortenkamp, U., Leung, A. & Owens, K. (2016). Survey Paper: Recent Research On Geometry Education: An ICME-13 Survey Team Report. The International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education. ZDM Mathematics Education, pp. 311–336.

Suarsana, I.M., Widiasih, N.P.S., & Suparta, I.N. (2018). The Effect of Brain Based Learning on Second Grade Junior Students’ Mathematics Conceptual Understanding on Polyhedron. Journal on Mathematics Education, 9(1), 145-156.

Tessmer, M. (1993). Planning and Conducting Formative Evaluations (ebook). Routledge: Taylor & Francis group.

Uttal, D. H., Miller, D. I., & Newcombe, N. S. (2013). Exploring and Enhancing Spatial Thinking Links To Achievement in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics?. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 22(5), 367-373.

Wright, R., Thompson, W. L., Ganis, G., Newcombe, N. S., & Kosslyn, S. M. (2008). Training Generalized Spatial Skills. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 15(4), 763-771.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Journal on Mathematics Education
Doctoral Program on Mathematics Education
Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Sriwijaya
Kampus FKIP Bukit Besar
Jl. Srijaya Negara, Bukit Besar
Palembang - 30139

p-ISSN: 2087-8885 | e-ISSN: 2407-0610

Creative Commons License
Journal on Mathematics Education (JME) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

View My Stats