STRATEGI DAN TINGKAT KEPEKAAN BILANGAN SISWA SEKOLAH DASAR DALAM MENYELESAIKAN MASALAH OPERASI BILANGAN BULAT

Susilahudin Putrawangsa, Uswatun Hasanah

Abstract


Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengungkap strategi dan tingkat ekspresi kepekaan bilangan siswa sekolah dasar dalam menyelesaikan masalah terkait dengan operasi bilangan bulat, yang meliputi operasi penjumlahan, pengurangan, dan perkalian. Kajian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif. Responden dalam penelitian ini terdiri atas 5 orang siswa yang diambil secara acak dari sebuah Sekolah Dasar di Pulau Lombok. Data dikumpulkan melalui tes. Analisis data menggunakan tiga indikator kepekaan bilangan untuk menjawab dua pertanyaan penelitian. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa: Pertama, strategi yang digunakan siswa dalam menyelesaikan masalah terkait operasi penjumlahan, pengurangan, dan perkalian bilangan bulat adalah seragam dan terpaku pada penggunaan algoritma atau prosedur berhitung yang bersifat baku dan rutin, yaitu prosedur penjumlahan bersusun, pengurangan bersusun, dan perkalian bersusun. Kedua, berdasarkan empat tingkatan ekspresi kepekaan bilangan, yaitu belum nampak, nampak, terungkap, dan terampil, temuan penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa tingkat kepekaan bilangan siswa termasuk dalam katagori belum nampak, yaitu level terendah dari 4 tingkatan tersebut.

Keywords


Kepekaan Bilangan, Penalaran, Operasi Bilangan, Bilangan Bulat

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22342/jpm.12.1.5066.%25p


Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika
Department of Master Program on Mathematics Education
Faculty of Teacher Training and Education
Sriwijaya University, Palembang, Indonesia
Kampus FKIP Bukit Besar
Jl. Srijaya Negara, Bukit Besar
Palembang - 30139 Indonesia
email: jpm.unsri@gmail.com

p-ISSN: 1978-0044; e-ISSN: 2549-1040

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